The Human Development Report 2015, released on Monday, put Bangladesh in the medium human development category with 142nd position out of 188 countries, territories.
Bangladesh’s HDI (Human Development Index) value for 2014 is 0.570, said the UNDP report – work for human development, reported news agency UNB.
The HDI is an average measure of basic human development achievements in a country. It is a summary measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development – a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
It showed Bangladesh’s progress in each of the HDI indicators. Between 1980 and 2014, Bangladesh’s life expectancy at birth increased by 18.1 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.1 years and expected years of schooling increased by 5.1 years.
Bangladesh’s GNI (gross national income) per capita is increased by about 178.0 percent between 1980 and 2014, said the 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development, that examines the intrinsic relationship between work and human development.
South Asian country Sri Lanka was put in the 73rd position while India’s position is 135.
India continued to rank low in the Human Development Index (HDI), but climbed five notches to the 130th rank in the latest UNDP report on account of rise in life expectancy and per capita income.
On the other hand, Pakistan is ranked 146th position while Nepal is holding 145th position.
Two other South Asian countries – Afghanistan and Bhutan are holding the 169th and 136th position respectively.
South Asia ́s HDI value of 0.607 is below the average value of 0.666 for the developing world. There has been remarkable progress in life expectancy, between 1990 and 2014, which increased at almost double the rate of the world average (0.7 percent vs 0.4 globally), but deprivations persist. 800 million people suffer from multidimensional poverty in the region.
Bangladesh improved one step in Human Development Index (HDI) to rank 142 globally, up from 143 as per the Human Development Report 2014.
Work, not just jobs or employment, is crucial for human progress, the UNDP says mentioning that of the world’s 7.3 billion people, 3.2 billion are in jobs, and many others engage in unpaid care, creative and voluntary work as well as other activities or prepare themselves as future workers.
The 2015 Human Development Report ‘Work for Human Development’ examines the links, both positive and negative, between work and human development in a rapidly changing world of work. Fast globalization, technological revolution, demographic transitions and many other factors are creating new opportunities, but also posing risks. The report examines how the benefits of this new world of work are not equally distributed, generating winners and losers.
The 2015 Human Development Report ‘Work for Human Development’ was launched in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The global launch ceremony took place at the United Nations Conference Centre located at the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), with Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Helen Clark, United Nations Development Programme Administrator, and Selim Jahan, Director of the Human Development Report Office and the lead author of the 2015 Human Development Report.